Trucks produce more than 20% of all traffic-related emissions and traffic jams in Europe. Trucks cause the highest CO2 emission of all land transport modes. Nonetheless, 75% of the European transports are done by truck. Did you know that inland navigation represents an eco-friendly transport alternative? Carrying goods via inland waterways has a lot of advantages which are widely unknown An inland vessel is able to transport large quantities of goods per unit, is cost-effective and there are few accidents and thefts Inland waterways are available 365 days per year and there are high free capacities. The European Union recognises inland navigation as the most energy-efficient transport mode. Costs deriving from climate gases, air pollutants, accidents and noise are the lowest compared to other transport modes. Thus, inland navigation can make an important to achieve the EU climate targets. An average inland vessel on the Danube can transport around 7.000 tons of cargo, which corresponds to a load of 175 railway wagons or 280 trucks. This amount of trucks would cause a convoy of around 20km on a motorway. Despite all these advantages the capacity utilization of the Danube is only at about 10-15%. The European share of inland navigation in modal split is only around 6% of total transport volume. Some reasons might be its dependence on current fairway conditions and the associated variable load factor of the vessels, its low transportation speed, the high number of bridges and its limited clearance height. Due to low network density pre- and end-haulage, to transport goods from the consigner and to the end customer, is frequently required. When deciding wether to use inland waterway transport or not, the factors time and money have to be considered balanced. Of course not all kind of goods can be transported on inland waterways. If planned and carried out correctly there is high potential for saving for goods which are flexible in terms of timing. Due to large volume of goods that can be transported on a vessel, inland navigation vessels are ideally suited to the transport of bulk cargo. Inland vessels are especially suitable to transport large quantities of cargo of low-value goods because of its low transportation costs. Within this sector cost savings are more essential than transport times. Ore, raw material, agricultural and forestry products as well as oil account together for around 75% of the total transport volume of goods transported annually on the Austrian Danube. Inland naviagation is an extremely important mode of transport for the Austrian steel industry. The most important company in the steel sector is the voestalpine. In addition to traditional markets, there are numerous other sectors which have substantial potential. Because of their size and the available infrastructure, inland vessels are ideally suited to transport heavy goods or oversized loads. For example no special modifications must be made along the route and no street closures are necessary. Thanks to low transportation costs and its eco-friendliness, inland waterway navigation is suitable to transport biogenic (renewable) raw materials, used materials and waste as well as building materials. All these advantages can also be used for the automotive industry and the use of Ro-Ro vessels. To sum up, inland navigation is an eco-friendly transport alternative within specific sectors.